HOW TO SELECT A DIGITAL CAMERA | TOP 10 DIGITAL CAMERAS

By | April 7, 2019

Digital Camera is too much popular nowadays. To select the best digital camera is not an easy task due to various models with a lot of features. Therefore, here we are discussing important features to select the best digital camera as per your need.

Generally, there are 3 types of digital cameras available in the market – 1. DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex ) 2. Point- and- Shoot or Compact  3. Mirrorless. Hence we will discuss each & every aspect of above all cameras in an easy manner to understand.

TYPE OF DIGITAL CAMERA

1. DSLR Digital Camera –

These cameras are bulkier in size and having mainly two parts – 1. the body 2. the lens. the lenses are interchangeable. these cameras also known for the best quality photos due to the lens quality. So the quality of the image will be as good as the lens quality.

NIKON DSLR CAMERA
NIKON DSLR CAMERA

In DSLRs, you can capture better low light noise performance and background blur (also known as bokeh mode ) due to its large sensor. you can also check your final image idea due to its mirror feature.

DSLRs Cameras are costlier than Compact and Mirrorless cameras.

DSLRs Cameras are perfect for Hobbyist and professional photographer due to variety in high-quality lenses and complete control on images. These Cameras are best suitable for action and sports photography due to its continuous and tracking autofocus modes.

NORMAL PRICE RANGE Rs. 25,000 to 4,00,000

2. Point-and-Shoot or Compact Digital Camera –

These cameras are smaller in size and very easy to use. it provides low-quality output image compared to DSLRs & Mirrorless cameras. But overall provides a better image compared to many smartphones. and also has no manual controls over output image.

CANON POINT & SHOOT CAMERA
CANON POINT & SHOOT CAMERA

Compact Cameras are also not capable to capture a good image of moving objects. Although it is best for traveling due to its compact design.

Compact cameras are perfect for occasional photography or can be used by anyone comfortably. These cameras are cheaper than DSLRs & Mirrorless cameras. Hence,it is best for beginners.

NORMAL PRICE RANGE Rs. 10,000 to 20,000

3. Mirrorless Digital Camera –

These Cameras are smaller than DSLRs Cameras due to the nonexistence of mirror structure. it is also known as Mirrorless Interchangeable-lens cameras (MILC). it also has interchangeable lenses.

SONY MIRROLESS CAMERA
SONY MIRROLESS CAMERA

These Cameras offer a bit lower image quality than DSLRs Cameras but still producing high-quality images. Mirrorless Cameras are typically lower on battery life than DSLRs cameras.

Mirrorless Cameras are almost similar to DSLRs Cameras in the price range. These Cameras are quite easier in traveling than DSLRs Cameras. Also best for professional photographers and Travelers. 

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NORMAL PRICE RANGE Rs. 25,000 to 2,00,000

 KEY SPECIFICATIONS OF A DIGITAL CAMERA

 A Digital Camera has many specifications to consider before buying. Below here we are going to discuss important features of a Digital Camera.

1. MEGAPIXEL –

it refers to total no. of pixels in an image and also defines the resolution of a Camera. Although it is the most considered feature in terms of the quality of an image. most people think more megapixel means more quality image. But Image quality also depends on the size of the sensor inside the camera.

Therefore you can see much difference in the image quality of the two same megapixel cameras due to its sensor size. A bigger sensor can pick more light which results in a better image whether it is daylight or night.

2.  ISO –

it is the measurement of a camera’s sensitivity to light. it is usually recommended to keep ISO as low as possible to capture the highest quality images from your camera.

Lower ISO means less sensitive your camera is to light and finer the film grain. and produce better color and dynamic range images.

However , Higher ISO means more sensitive your camera is to light and more film grain. Therefore, results in a more noisy image. Higher ISO settings generally used for situations like – fast moving objects in low light, low light or no flash zone events or in darker conditions.

3. SHUTTER SPEED –

it refers to the length of time when the digital sensor is exposed to light. it also describes how slowly or quickly the camera shutter opens or closes. it controls the sharpness and creative effects of your photos.

you can neglect camera shake and motion blur by using faster shutter speed. As per rule, you should use a minimum shutter speed of 1/ focal length.

4. APERTURE –

it refers to ” the opening in a lens through which light travels to enter the camera”. you can vary the size of the aperture to allow less or more light to your camera sensor. it is a very important setting in photography because it can change the depth of field and exposure in an image.

Larger the Aperture means a large amount of background blur in the image and also resulting in the brighter photograph.

Smaller the Aperture means a small amount of background blur in the image and also resulting in the darker photograph.

In addition, it is expressed as an f-number, such as f/1.2 or f/2.

5. ERGONOMICS –

it refers to how a camera is designed and how difficult or easy controls of a camera have or how good is the overall handling of a camera.

However, main important features for good ergonomics are camera size, weight, durability, and easy navigation of the menu system. Make sure, your camera should be comfortable in your hand.

 6. IMAGE STABILIZATION –

it is a technique used to reduce the blurriness of photos by moving the camera lens automatically to compensate the camera movement.

there are mainly two types of Stabilization techniques – 1. Optical Image Stabilization 2. Electronic Image Stabilization

OPTICAL IMAGE STABILIZATION ELECTRONIC IMAGE STABILIZATION
It is a purely mechanical solution achieved by adjusting the optical path to the image sensor It uses a complex algorithm for improving image quality and relies only on software.
The camera module is bigger and expensive. The camera module is smaller and cheaper.
Does not crop the frame. Frame cropping requires.
Higher Image quality. Reduced image quality.

7. VIEWFINDER –

it is a technique from that,  the photographer looks through to compose or to focus the image in a camera. A viewfinder is preferred over LCD screen in bright sunlight. In addition ,it is also mainly two types- optical viewfinder and electronic viewfinder.

The optical viewfinder is used in DSLRs Cameras in which the image captured by the lens is reflected from the mirror. it generates a high-quality possible image and also don’t drain the battery.

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However, The electrical viewfinder is used mainly in Mirrorless Cameras in which the image captured by the lens is projected electronically to an LCD screen. it is great for dim light or night photography. it can check the exposure, focus and color settings while shooting.

TOP 10  EXPENSIVE DIGITAL CAMERAS

1. NIKON D5 1558 20.8 MP DSLR CAMERA

2. FUJIFILM GFX 50S 51.4 MP MIRROLESS CAMERA

3. NIKON D850 45.7 MP CAMERA

4. NIKON Z7 45.7 MP CAMERA

5. CANON EOS 5D 30.4 MP DSLR CAMERA

6. OLYMPUS PEN E-PL9 16 MP COMPACT CAMERA

7. CANON EOS R 30.3 MIRRORLESS CAMERA

8. SONY A7 24.2 MP MIRRORLESS CAMERA

9. SONY CYBERSHOT DSC-RX100M4 20.1 MP DIGITAL CAMERA

10. SAMSUNG NX MINI 20.5 MP COMPACT CAMERA

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